Introduction to Powerlifting and Olympic Weightlifting
In this video we go over the sports of Powerlifting and Olympic Weightlifting; what is the difference between the two sports and how can they be best utilized to fit your goals.
Powerlifting, which is often confused with Olympic Weightlifting, is an individual based sports where competitors attempt to lift as much weight as possible for one repetition in the squat, bench press and deadlift. Lifters are placed into a division based in weight class, age group, and experience level. There are also further subdivisions of powerlifters known as “raw” and “geared”, which is indicative of the lifter wearing supportive equipment during their competition.
Competitions are generally all-day long and typically begin with the squat, then progress to the bench press and concludes with the deadlift. Lifters are allowed three attempts at each lift, equating to a total of nine competitive lifts throughout the day.
Three officiating personnel will determine whether the lift was “good” or “bad”; in order to have a “good” lift it requires a two-thirds vote. Whereas, only one “good” vote will disqualify the lift.
Competitions end with awards presented for the lifters with the highest squat, bench press, deadlift and total within each division. The lifter’s total is determined by the sum of their best lifts for that event.
Olympic lifts are designed to teach athletes how to apply large amounts of force on a heavy load using difficult technical skills and require large amounts of mobility. An Olympic lifter is capable of effectively activating their muscle fibers more rapidly than an untrained individual; moreover rapid force production has a large carry over into the field of athletics.
General athletes utilize rapid force production to perform lifts quickly and efficiently and improve their athletic potential. Whereas Olympic weightlifters focus primarily on producing said rapid forces for competition purposes. While all sports require a different amount of muscle synchronization, mobility, coordination in addition to strength, speed, and power. Olympic weightlifting is an athletic practice that touches on all of these areas.
The discipline of Olympic weightlifting is to lift a heavy load from the ground to overhead. The two lifts that weightlifters are tested on are the Snatch and the Clean and Jerk. The snatch is by far the more advanced and technical of the two Olympic lifts and requires the lifter to explosively pull the weight off the ground and drop under it in a squat in the “catch” position with the bar overhead, then to rise to a standing position. The clean and jerk is a combination of two separate lifts that make the single Olympic lift. The clean involves pulling the weight off the ground and dropping under it in a squat in the “catch” position with the weight at your shoulders, then to rise to a standing position. Once standing, the jerk is initiated by pushing the bar overhead to complete the lift.